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Bear Creek Dentistry

What causes periodontal disease?

Close up of mouth with dental tool near gumlineGum disease is prevalent; over half of Americans over the age of 30 are afflicted. If left untreated, it can have devastating effects, including tooth loss. Understanding is half the battle; at Bear Creek Dentistry, patient education allows our patients to make healthy decisions and recognize signs of infection.

The Primary Cause of Gingivitis 

Plaque is the leading cause of gum disease; it is a sticky film that consists of food debris and harmful bacteria. The reason we advise patients to brush and floss daily is to prevent plaque from forming, which it is continuously trying to do. When plaque is not removed, it can harm your gums and lead to gum inflammation and disease. 

Plaque contains bacteria that produce acids that irritate the gums. This often leads to swelling, bleeding, redness, and other signs of inflammation. After a while, your gums may start separating from your teeth, creating pockets where more bacteria can hide. 

When plaque is left to harden, it turns into calculus or tartar. This can typically be avoided through daily brushing and flossing along with routine visits to your Houston dentist. The first stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis, and you can usually reverse it with good oral hygiene. Your general dentist may recommend special mouthwash to help kill any bacteria. Once this condition advances, it turns into periodontitis. 

Are Your Gums Bleeding or Swollen? Call our Houston Clinic

Dental bleeding or pain is not normal and is usually an indicator of underlying problems. The good news is that many oral health issues are easily treatable if caught early enough. Give us a call at (832) 427-5505 today to schedule your dental cleaning and exam so we can stay on top of your oral health. 

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